1 Name of Course Community Dentistry (CD)

(Biostatistics in Dentistry)

2 Course Code DAC4274



Rationale for inclusion of the course in the programme


The course is developed so that the students understand the basic statistical data and relate it to the spread of diseases. This relationship should enable them to design preventive  measures of oral healthcare.

Dental Public Health requires a specific set of skills and one of these skills is planning and organising oral health programmes. All practitioners in public and private sector need these skills in order to engage citizens and community partners, assess community health status, set health priorities, plan and implement effective interventions, and demonstrate the differences that public health programmes make in the health of populations.

4  Semester and    Year Offered Year 4: Semester I
6 Total Student Learning Time
Teaching Methods Face-to- face Indept.Learning Total
Lecture 12 24 36
Tutorial 4 4 8
Practical 12 4 16
SGD 4 4 8
Seminar/Case Presentation
Ward round
Project report 8 0 8
Field Visit
Revision 2 0 2
Examination 2 0 2
Total 44 36 80
Total Guided and               Independent Learning

Face to face 84
Independent Learning 76
Total 160
 7  Credit Value (Hours) 4 notional credits
8 Prerequisite None
9 Learning Outcome At the end of this course, students are able to:

LO 1 Explain basic concepts and the use of biostatistics in dentistry. C2
LO 2 Demonstrate basic biostatistical tests. C3
LO 3 Explain the need for planning and evaluation of an oral health programme C3
LO 4 Develop a programme plan that includes mission statements, objectives, goals interventions, and activities and programme evaluation to improve oral health of a target group and their identified oral health need P3
LO 5 Show importance of biostatistics and systematic conducting programme planning and  evaluation A3



Transferable skills

Completion of this course will enable students to use statistical analysis, theory and other statistical methods to understand how diseases spread, how information can be disseminated, understand articles in related professional journals and most importantly, to effectively use biostatistics in research design and data analysis. They also will be able to plan, organise and evaluate oral health service for the community in the area they are responsible for.
11  Teaching-learning and assessment strategy The teaching-learning approaches include lectures, tutorials, seminars, small group discussion and assignments. Students are assessed on formative and summative basis using several assessment methods such as MCQ, MEQ, SAQ, EMQ.
12 Synopsis The aim of the course is to introduce students to basic statistical concepts and methods commonly applied in dentistry, to facilitate understanding and to enable appropriate application and interpretation of related statistical methods. This course applies statistical research methods to solving dental problems. It is closely related to dental informatics, which applies computer science (including analysis) to dental problems.
 13  Mode of Delivery Lecture, tutorial, seminar, group activities and problem-based learning.
14 Assessment Methods and Types A number of assessment methods will be used. These include pen-paper tests such as Multiple Choice Questions (One Best Answer), Multiple True-False Question, Modified Essay Questions, Short Essay Question; Reflection, presentation of written assignment using specified format, and oral presentation of assignments in seminar.

Both formative and summative assessment will be used. The proportion of these types of assessment are presented below:


Sem 1

Mid Semester 1 Test          : 30%

End of Semester 1 Exam   : 70%

17. Content  outline of the course/ module and the SLT per topic 1. Introduction to Biostatistics

2. Descriptive statistics

3. Inferential statistics

4. Data Entry & Data Management in SPSS

18 References:

* Main references

** Additional references

*Wayne, W. Daniel. 2004. Biostatistics. 8 Rev Edition. John Wiley & Sons.

*Rosner, B. 2005. Fundamentals of Biostatistics: Duxbury Pr.

*Daly B, Watt R, Batchelor P, Treasure E. Essential Dental Public Health. London:Oxford University Press; 2005..

*Pine C, Harris R. Community Oral Health. 2nd ed. Quintessence; 2007.

*Burt BA, Ekland SA. Dentistry, Dental Practice and the Community, 6th
ed. New York:Elsevier Saunders; 2005.

**Gluck GM, Morganstein WM. Jong’s Community Dental Health. 5th ed. Mosby; 2003.