1 Name of Course Orthodontics 
2 Course Code DAC 4314
3 Rationale for inclusion of the course in the programme Orthodontics is the study of growth and development of the jaws and particularly the face and the body in general, as influencing the position of teeth; the study of action and reaction of internal and external influences on the development, and the prevention and correction of arrested and perverted development.
 4  Semester and    Year Offered Year 4: Semester I
6 Total Student Learning Time SEM 1

Teaching Methods Face-to- face Indep.


Lecture 10 20 30
Tutorial 5 5 10
Clinical (8 sessions x 3 jam) 24 8 32
Seminar/Case Presentation
Project report on visit
Assignment 10 10
A&E Posting
Field Visit
Revision 1 1
Examination 3 3
Total 53 33 86
Total Guided and Independent Learning

Face to face 53
Independent Learning 33
Total 86


7  Credit Value (Hours) 2.0 notional credit
8 Prerequisite None
9 Learning Outcome At the end of this course, students are able to:

LO 1 Describe the mechanism and biomechanics of orthodontic tooth movement, management of anchorage and distribution of forces. C2
LO 2 Discuss the malocclusion problems of patients from clinical appearance and examination and radiographic findings. A2
LO 3 Design removable appliances for interceptive and preventive orthodontic treatment P5
LO 4 Perform sound teamwork, ethics, professional behaviour, confidentiality and communication principles in relation to all members of the team and when dealing with the public. A2



Transferable skills

1. Able to do wire bending for construction of removable appliance’s component.

2. Able to do cephalometric tracing on a given lateral cephalograph to study

the patient’s presenting malocclusion to aid the treatment planning process.




Teaching-learning and assessment strategy


The teaching learning approaches include lectures, tutorials, small group discussion and clinical and practical demonstrations. Students are assessed on formative and summative basis using several assessment methods.  These include Multiple Choice Questions (One Best answer), Modified Essay Questions (MEQ)/ Short Essay Questions (SEQ), Objective Structures Clinical Examination (OSCE), clinical assessment, and seminar presentation.

In addition, syllabus for the professional examination will be covered from Semester V (Year 3)

12 Synopsis This course is designed to provide the students with an understanding of and competence in the clinical features, aetiology, classification and treatment of malocclusion; the factors complicating orthodontic treatment; principles of orthodontic treatment; the principles of appliance design; the construction of basic orthodontic appliance and team approach to the treatment of facial disharmony.
 13 Mode of Delivery Lecture, tutorial, small group discussion, clinical/practical.
14 Assessment Methods and Types Assessment will be in the form of continuous assessment and final examination. Continuous assessment includes mini test, mid- semester examination, end of semester examination and final examination

The format of the final examination for this course is :

  • Written exam: pen and paper
  • Presentation and Report of visit to Dental practice
  • Competency Test: Clinical viva presentation
  • Log Book
  • Viva


The weightage for continuous assessment and final examination are as follows:


Mid Semester 1                                : 30

End of Semester 1 Exam                 : 70%




Content  outline of the course/

module and the SLT per topic









  • Tooth Movement and Tissue Changes
  • The Role of Extraction in Orthodontics


  • Anchorage


  • Extra-oral Forces
  • Management of Impacted Canine
  • Management of Impacted Incisor
  • Management of Openbite
  • Management of Crossbite
  • Management of deepbites
  • Interceptive and Preventive Orthodontics
  • Types of Orthodontic Appliances
  • Orthodontic Indices
  • Management of Patients with Removable Appliances
  • Problems with Removable Appliances
  • Retention and Relapse
  • Orthodontic and Orthognathic Surgery
  • Orthodontic with Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Pediatric
  • Orthodontic with Periodontology and Restorative
  • Cleft Lip and Palate
  • Adult Orthodontic
18 References:

* Main references

** Additional references

  1. L. Mitchell, N.E. Carter (2013).  An Introduction to Orthodontics*, 4th Edition. Oxford University Press.
  2. W.J.B. Houston, C.D. Stephens and W.J. Tulley (2003).  A Textbook of Orthodontics, 3rd Edition. Wright, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd.*
  3. Daljit S.Gill 2008, Orthodontics at a Glance, Blackwell Munksgaard.
  4. Asyh, Nelson, Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Occlusion, E. Saunders St.Louis 2003, 8th. Edition.**
  5. Brand.W.B, Isselhard D.E : Anatomy of Orofacial Structures, Mosby, St. Louis 2003 7th. Edition.**