This course is developed for third year students to enhance the understanding of broadcasting in democracy and to various principles and practices of broadcasting systems and production. Students will also be exposed to handling basic production tasks including writing scripts for radio and television. This will help students to perform the practices and ethics of developing broadcast content with enhanced skills and confidence while performing radio and television production. The course will also allow students to confront the role of the electronic media, explore sensitive ethical issues in the media and consider their own future roles in the mass communication industry. Finally, this course allows students to understand and identify related Islamic principles connected to broadcast journalism and broadcast production practices in the real world.


  1. Al-Quran translation.
  2. Benoit, H., ,2008, Digital Television: Satellite, Cable, Terrestial, IPTV, Mobile TV in the DVB Framework, OX: Taylors and Francis
  3. Barnas, F. and White, T., 2013, Broadcast News Writing, Reporting, and Producing, OX: Taylors and Francis
  4. Davie, W.R. and Upshow, J.R., 2005. Principles of Electronic Media (2nd), MA: Elsevier
  5. Dominick, J.R., 2005. The dynamic of mass communications media in the digital age 8th Boston: McGraw Hill Publication.
  6. Ownes, J, and Millerson, G., 2009, Television Production, MA: Taylors and Francis
  7. Mowlana, H., 1998. Covering Islam: The media and its Impact on Muslim identity. International Conference on Muslim Identity in the 21st century: Challenges of modernity?, School of Oriental and African Studies University of London, October 31-November 1 1998.
  8. Ralph Negrine, 2013, Satellite Broadcasting: The Politics and Implications of the New Media, NY: Routledge
  9. Related journal articles on Electronic Media, Ethics and Islam.